A correlation has been noted between Clomiphene, also known as clomifene and distributed under the names Clomid and Serophene, and certain birth defects. These birth defects often affect the head and the heart of newborn children, and the parents and families of affected children may be eligible to file a Kentucky Clomid lawsuit and seek compensation for their injuries.
For more information, contact Attorney Group for Kentucky today. Our consultations are free, confidential and without any obligation on your part. We can help answer your questions, and if you choose to pursue a claim we can connect you with an affiliated attorney who can assist you throughout the legal process.
What is Clomiphene?
Clomiphene is a synthetic fertility medication primarily used to treat infertility in women who cannot produce eggs but wish to become pregnant. Despite the drug’s use for more than 40 years to induce ovulation and treat infertility, there have been a number of side effects and risks correlated with the medication. Examples of Clomiphene risks and side effects include ovarian enlargement, flushing, stomach discomfort, blurred vision, nausea, and vomiting.
How Does Clomiphene Work?
Clomiphene is a commonly prescribed fertility medication used to stimulate ovulation in women who are unable to produce eggs but wish to become pregnant. Clomiphene triggers the brain’s pituitary gland to release an increased amount of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). In some cases, Clomiphene may be prescribed to treat other issues with infertility in both men and women. “Off-label” uses to treat the absence of testosterone in men and menstrual abnormalities, fibrocystic breasts, and continuous breast milk production in women have not been tested or approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Clomiphene Birth Defect Risks
Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a study reported on by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and published in the journal Human Reproduction indicated a correlation between a small number of women who used Clomiphene to treat infertility and severe congenital birth defects. Birth defects affecting those children include defects that affect the head, heart, and limbs of the child (Reefhuis, Honein, Schieve, Rasmussen, and NBDPS). Findings of the study indicate that children of mothers who used Clomiphene experienced the following complications in greater numbers than children of mothers who did not use the drug:
- Previous birth defects associated with Clomiphene include neutral tube defects (NTDs), hypospadias, and craniosynostosis
- Significant associations between Clomiphene and anencephaly (unusual brain and skull development), Dandy-Walker malformation (brain malformation of the cerebellum), septal heart defects (unusual connection between the lower ventricles of the heart), muscular ventricular heart defects (hole in the wall of the heart’s lower chambers), coarctation of the aorta (narrowing of the aorta), esophageal atresia (underdeveloped esophagus), and cloacal exstrophy (unusual position of the large intestine)
One or more surgeries may be needed to treat the defect, often resulting in large medical costs to the child’s parents and family. In addition to initial surgical procedures, the child may need multiple medical procedures within the first three years of their life, especially in the case of those birth defects affecting the heart.
Fertility Drugs and Autism
In 2010, a study conducted by a team of researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health reported an association between ovulation inducing drugs and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and concluded the use of such drugs should be considered as a potential risk factor for ASD in future studies. According to an article in Time reporting on the study, the association between fertility drugs such as Clomid and autism also appeared to strengthen with exposure.
Other Clomid Side Effects
According to the FDA, other side effects have been reportedly linked to pregnancies following ovulation induction therapy with Clomid during clinical trials:
- Cleft palate
- Visual disorders
- Club foot
- Multiple pregnancy
- Down syndrome
- Spina bifida
How a Kentucky Clomid Lawsuit Can Help
Drug manufacturers have a duty to ensure their products are accompanied by full and accurate instructions and warnings to guide prescribing doctors and other health care providers in making treatment decisions. If a drug maker fails to fulfill this duty, it could be held liable in lawsuits for injuries that may result.
Patients who are injured by Clomid may be entitled to compensation for damages, including:
- Medical expenses
- The permanency of the injury
- Pain, suffering, and mental anguish
- Loss of income or ability to work
If a patient dies from complications after taking Clomid, family members may be entitled to compensation for the wrongful death of their loved one, including:
- Conscious pain and suffering of a loved one prior to death
- Pain, suffering, and mental anguish from the loss of a loved one
- Funeral expenses
Patients who have suffered severe side effects after taking Clomid, as well as the families of those who have died as a result of complications with the drug, are encouraged to seek the advice of a Kentucky Clomid lawsuit attorney to learn more about their rights and remedies.
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