Children of women who have used the fertility drug Clomiphene, also known as clomifene and distributed under the names Clomid and Serophene, have a greater risk of developing certain birth defects, including defects affecting the head and the heart. Mothers and families of affected children may be eligible to file a Nevada Clomid lawsuit and seek compensation for their injuries.
For more information, contact Attorney Group for Nevada today. Our consultations are free, confidential and without any obligation on your part. We can help answer your questions, and if you choose to pursue a claim we can connect you with an affiliated attorney who can assist you throughout the legal process.
What is Clomiphene?
The U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first approved Clomiphene in 1967 to stimulate ovulation and increase the production of eggs in women who wish to become pregnant but have difficulty doing so. Although the drug has been used for many years to treat infertility and despite the drug’s effectiveness, there are a number of risks and side effects associated with Clomiphene use. Clomiphene risks include nausea, multiple pregnancies, birth defects, unusual uterine bleeding, breast discomfort, and hot flashes.
How Does Clomiphene Work?
One of the most common medications used to treat infertility, Clomiphene works by blocking estrogen receptors at the hypothalamus, a part of the brain responsible for hormone production. The hypothalamus is then stimulated to secrete follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). In some cases, Clomiphene may also be prescribed to treat male infertility as well as menstrual abnormalities, fibrocystic breasts, and continuous breast milk production. The FDA has not tested or approved any “off-label” use of the drug.
Clomiphene Birth Defect Risks
Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a study reported on by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and published in the journal Human Reproduction indicated a correlation between a small number of women who used Clomiphene to treat infertility and serious congenital birth defects. Birth defects affecting those children include defects that affect the head, heart, and limbs of the child (Reefhuis, Honein, Schieve, Rasmussen, and NBDPS). Findings of the study indicate that children of mothers who used Clomiphene encountered the following problems in greater numbers than children of mothers who did not use the fertility treatment:
- Prior birth defects associated with Clomiphene use include neutral tube defects (NTDs), hypospadias, and craniosynostosis
- Significant associations between Clomiphene and anencephaly (unusual brain and skull development), Dandy-Walker malformation (brain malformation of the cerebellum), septal heart defects (unusual connection between the lower ventricles of the heart), muscular ventricular heart defects (hole in the wall of the heart’s lower chambers), coarctation of the aorta (narrowing of the aorta), esophageal atresia (underdeveloped esophagus), and cloacal exstrophy (unusual position of the large intestine)
These and other birth defects could require one or more surgeries to treat the condition, often resulting in large medical costs to the child’s parents and family. In addition to initial surgical procedures, the child may need multiple medical procedures within the first three years of their life, especially in the case of those birth defects affecting the heart.
Fertility Drugs and Autism
In 2010, a study conducted by a team of researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health reported an association between ovulation inducing drugs and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and concluded the use of such drugs should be considered as a potential risk factor for ASD in future studies. According to an article in Time reporting on the study, the association between fertility drugs such as Clomid and autism also appeared to strengthen with exposure.
Other Clomid Side Effects
According to the FDA, other side effects have been reportedly linked to pregnancies following ovulation induction therapy with Clomid during clinical trials:
- Cleft palate
- Visual disorders
- Club foot
- Multiple pregnancy
- Down syndrome
- Spina bifida
How a Nevada Clomid Lawsuit Can Help
Drug manufacturers have a duty to ensure their products are accompanied by full and accurate instructions and warnings to guide prescribing doctors and other health care providers in making treatment decisions. If a drug maker fails to fulfill this duty, it could be held liable in lawsuits for injuries that may result.
Patients who are injured by Clomid may be entitled to compensation for damages, including:
- Medical expenses
- The permanency of the injury
- Pain, suffering, and mental anguish
- Loss of income or ability to work
If a patient dies from complications after taking Clomid, family members may be entitled to compensation for the wrongful death of their loved one, including:
- Conscious pain and suffering of a loved one prior to death
- Pain, suffering, and mental anguish from the loss of a loved one
- Funeral expenses
Patients who have suffered severe side effects after taking Clomid, as well as the families of those who have died as a result of complications with the drug, are encouraged to seek the advice of a Nevada Clomid lawsuit attorney to learn more about their rights and remedies.
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For more information, contact Attorney Group for Nevada. You can fill out the form on this page, call us at the number listed at the top of the page, or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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